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Ecclesiastes 12:13

 

"Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man"

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  • Writer's pictureWe Are Hebrew

19 OLD TESTAMENT PASSAGES THAT FORESHADOW JESUS

Updated: Aug 13, 2023



Christ said the Scripture are written about him (Luke 24:44)…

44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

This is a fact, therefore it is important to understand the old testament passages that foreshadow Jesus (Yahusha) Christ.


We are told by the Messiah himself that the prophets spoke of him.


This was a mystery to many at the time (and still to some now), but with Gods guidance we can get a clear understanding of this. We know that the Messiah is the gospel i.e. the good news and good tidings.


When we believe that the Messiah died and resurrected for our sins we are promised the Holy Spirit which will bring us into remembrance of all things, essentially pointed us to the keeping of the commandments of Yah.


Here I’ll be looking at the many scriptures in the Old Testament which prophesied the Messiah’s coming, how he came and his death and Resurrection.


These scriptures will shed light on some of the fulfilments spoken of by the Messiah himself in the book of Matthew (Matthew 5:17).


Christ Confirming The Old Testament Wrote About Him


It’s very important to set the stage by showing the scripture passages the Messiah quoted which point to him as the fulfillment of the Old Testament:


Luke 24:44

44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

As you can see here the Messiah says that he is referenced in the law of Moses and the prophets which are wrongly called the “Old Testament” today, he also said he’s mentioned in the Book of Psalms.


Throughout this article you will see the different Old Testament scriptures found concerning the Messiah and the fulfillment of his words above.


Luke 18:29-31

31 Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished.

Here we see the Messiah going up to Jerusalem with the 12 disciples, whilst telling them what the law and the prophets wrote about him would accomplish.


Now let’s look at some of the Law and the Prophets (Old Testament) scriptures which were fulfilled in the New Testament…


1. Mary Virgin


If we start with the Book of Isaiah we can find the prophecy about Mary who was to give birth to a child (Yahusha) as a virgin. This is quite clearly written in the scriptures as you can see below:


Isaiah 7:14

14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Here we are told that a Virgin will conceive and that his name will be called Emmanuel which in Hebrew means “God with us”. This can be read to mean that the birth of a child by a virgin will be a God with us. That God being the Messiah Yahusha (Mistranslated as Jesus) which means Yah (God) saves.


Fulfillment of this scripture is seen in the Gospel of Matthew. Here the Angel Gabriel tells Mary that she is to have a child by the Holy Spirit, as a virgin and that his name is to be called Yahusha (Yah (God) saves).


Matthew 1:18-25


18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.
20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins.
22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name Jesus.

The same information is given to her husband Joseph, without which he would have divorced Mary thinking that she had cheated on him.


2. The Messiah Is Whipped For Us


We can see in the Book of Isaiah that the Messiah would be whipped for Israel’s sins which is the sacrifice that the Messiah made for Israel’s sins and the world. 


Isaiah 53:5

5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

When you read the whole chapter you see that the Messiah laid down his life so that Israel and those that believe can be saved.


We see the fulfillment of this prophecy during the Messiah’s crucifixion and in how he was beaten and mocked by the Roman soldiers before he was crucified.


Luke 23:36-37

36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
37 And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.

Above you see the Roman soldiers mocking the Messiah and telling him to to save himself if he is the king.


John 19:2

2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,

The Roman soldiers also put a crown of thorns on the Messiahs head and we are told that they hit him with their hands too.

Throughout the Messiahs torture the prophecy says that the Messiah would not complain or answer:


Isaiah 53:7

7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

…and we see the fulfillment of this below:

John 19:9

9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.

We are also told that the Messiah’s death by crucifixion is the most High’s will:


Isaiah 53:6

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

…this is confirmed when Pilate the Roman ruler says to the Messiah that he has power to kill the Messiah and his reply to Pilate is that his power was given by the most High:


John 19:11

11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.

And here we see the last words as Messiah breathed his last breath and gave up his spirit before being buried and resurrecting.


3. David Say’s Christ Won’t See Corruption: What Did That Mean


It is prophesied that the Messiah was not to see corruption, during his death. Which meant that he would not be held in the grave when he was murdered and Sacrificed for Israel as a sin offering.


Psalm 16:10

10 For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

We see David making reference to a “Holy one”written above. This holy one is the Messiah, because if you read the scriptures we see that he was not left in hell after his death because he resurrected on the third day…


We can find no other Prophet that died and resurrected.


Acts 2:22-27

22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:
24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:
26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:
27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

In the scripture above Paul references this scripture, showing us that it was confirmed about the Messiah. David was not talking about himself because he did see corruption.

These scriptures were a fulfilling of prophecy in the Old testament


4. The Messiah Had A Body Prepared By The Most High


In the book of Psalms again we are told that the Messiah’s was body was prepared for the Most High. This could easily be overlooked, but with further investigation we find that it is a confirmed prophecy of the Messiah. 


Psalm 40:6-8

6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.
7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,
8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

The scripture above describes the Messiah confirming that the Most high had prepared a body for him to enter the world.


This is confirmed in Hebrews below:


Hebrews 10:5

5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:

This prophecy relates to the sacrifices and offering and tells us that the Most High prepared the Messiah’s human body to be the eternal sacrifices for Israel’s sins once and for all.


This way he could enter into the world and become a sacrifice that would be pleasing to the Most High for Israel’s sin once and for all.


5. Messiah Riding Riding In On A Donkey (colt)


The prophecy of the Messiah riding a Donkey is often forgotten about, so much so you may never of even heard about it. Prophecy foretold that the Messiah would ride in on a “Colt” i.e. a young horse if you didn’t know, this was prophesied by Zechariah in the old testament before it happened.


Zechariah 9:9

9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

Above we are told that the “king” who is the Messiah will be coming on a colt which is a Donkey to bring salvation to Ephraim and Jerusalem which is the Northern Israelite tribes and Judah the southern tribes who make up the 12 tribes of Israel.


We are also told that he will speak peace unto the (gentiles) heathens and rule the whole earth eventually.


The king mentioned was the Messiah and he came riding on a Colt to fulfill this prophecy.


Matthew 21:4-6

4 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,
5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,

The above scripture tells us quite clearly that the Messiah riding in on a donkey was the fulfillment of Prophecy.


The Messiah tells his disciples where to find the donkey and to tell the owner that his master is in need of it (Matthew 21:1-3). They do exactly as he says and bring the donkey back to the Messiah to fulfill this prophecy.


6. The Sheep Of The Flock (disciples) Would Be Scattered


The saying that the sheep of the flock would be scattered is always humbling to read. It shows that the disciples were human and more importantly than that the word of the Most High will always be fulfilled.


This scripture prophesied that there would come a time when the Messiah’s disciples who are the “sheep” would desert him while he was being persecuted, which is what the “scattered” references in this scriptures.


Matthew 26:31

31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.

The Messiah tells his disciples that they would be offended by him the night that he is taken from them by the Roman soldiers. He also references scriptures which say that, they (disciples), the flock will be scattered which he confirms as fulfillment of prophecy.


Zechariah 13:7

7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.

Here is what the Messiah said to confirm the scripture above:


Matthew 26:31

31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.

7. John Preparing The Way


We all probably know who John the Baptist was but many people don’t know that he was prophesied in the scriptures…


Malachi 3:1

1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts.

It was his calling to prepare the way for the Messiah’s coming. This is what we see him doing in scriptures when he’s teaching people repentance, to confess their sins and baptising them with water.


Matthew 11:9-11

9 But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet.
10 For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
11 Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.

So we are told that John prepared the way for the Messiah, this again points to the Messiah.


8. Daniel 9:27 (The fulfilment of Sacrifice’s and Oblation)


The prophecy set forth in Daniel 9:27 should be at the forefront of all believers minds.

It is the prophecy that tells us that the Messiah would be sacrificed (murdered) for Israel this fulfilled the law and helped stopped the curse of the law involving the sacrifice of animals for sin that Israel were initially commanded to bring.

This means if he didn’t become an eternal sacrifice sin would be more than out of control for Israel, because as explained the Most high required animal sacrifices for the atonement of Israels.


We now need to believe in the Messiah’s sacrifice for us to receive the Holy Spirit and be guided by the Most High, which leads us to keep the moral laws of the commandments.

Here the Messiah says he came to fulfill the law, and what I just explained was the fulfilment of that


Matthew 5:17

17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

The Messiah makes it clear that he came to fulfill and not do away with the law. Contrary to what Christians believe we are not to eat pork and break the commandments of Yah.


9. Light to Gentiles (Acts, Paul, Pentecost)


This prophecy in Isaiah, which you can see below:


Isaiah 49:5-7

5 And now, saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength.
6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
7 Thus saith the Lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the Lord that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

…is often overlooked; it speaks of the holy one being sent to Israel and also to the gentiles. It tells us that the Messiah will also be a light unto the gentiles not just Israel.

This confirms that the gentiles can also believe in the Messiah if they are called to, and have humbled themselves.

Which today is shown by way of denouncing the status quo, that Negroes, Hispanics and Native Americans are second class citizens, because they are in fact the lost 12 tribes of Israel, scattered by Yah because of their unbelief.


The fulfillment of this prophecy is explained to us by Paul in a Book of Acts:


Acts 13:46-48

46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.

…which confirms that the Messiah was being spoken of in the Old Testament here too.

We also see in Acts 10 Peter being sent to Cornileus, an Italian general who was devout and believed in the Most High, which he demonstrated by respecting the children of Israel and giving charity.


10. David Said To My Lord (I am)


When the Messiah was being questioned by the Pharisees he said to them that before Abraham “I am” alluding to the fact that he existed in the Old Testament even before the prophet Abraham.


John 8:56-58

56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.
57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

The Messiah also refers us to the scripture that David himself presents in the Book of Psalms.


Psalm 110:1

110 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Here David says the lord said to my lord (Matthew 22:44, Psalm 110:1)…


Matthew 22:44

44 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?

this is the Most High addressing the Messiah showing the Messiah was sent by the Most High.


11. Christ was in the Wilderness as the Spirtual Rock


You may have heard of the spiritual rock that Israel were commanded to drink from. But you probably didn’t know that it related to the Messiah too.


Exodus 17:6

6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

We get this revelation from Paul who tells us that the Messiah was the spirit that followed Israel in the wilderness as well as the rock Israel drank from.


1 Corinthians 10:4

4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

12. Word in the beginning, Word was with God and was God.


This scripture about the Messiah being the word is a mystery to some. Those that misinterpret it say that it means that the Messiah is the Most High. We know that the Messiah is a Power (God), but he is not the most High.


John 1:1

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

When we read the old testament we can clearly understand what is being said when the scriptures say the word was with God.


Particularly in the book of Genesis, we see the making of man on the 6th day. Here we see an exchange between the “Gods” where they say “let us make man in our image” (Genesis 1:26-28).


Genesis 1:26

26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

It’s also noteworthy to know that the word Elohim used for Gods has a plural meaning, meaning powers.


Emphasis here should be on the “us”, showing us that more than one God (power) was present. One of which is the Messiah, which is revealed in the book of Hebrews:


Hebrews 1:1-2

1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

13. Prophet Like Moses


In Deuteronomy 18:18 We are told that the Messiah would be a prophet like Moses and there are many comparisons in the scriptures to prove this. You can see a more detailed list here.

Among some of these are:


The Messiah was sent to his people Israel; The Messiah was in Egypt as a baby and both Moses and the Messiah established covenants.


14. Messiah Passion For His Father’s House


In the following scripture we are told that the Messiah is eaten up by the zeal of the House of his Father.


Psalm 69:9

9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.

And we see a display of this zeal by the Messiah when he goes into the house of the most High and admonishes all those who are using temple for commerce.


John 2:16-18

16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.
17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.

This house today would be the equivalent of a pastor going into a church and pushing over the book stand where profit is being made (which obviously would never happen).


As you can see above the disciples remembered the scripture which was quoted above when they saw the Messiah admonish those using the temple to make money.


15. People to be taught by God


John 6:44-46

44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.
46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.

Here we see the Messiah directly quoting from the prophets and telling us that he was fulfilling the prophecy that people would be taught by God. In doing so he is declaring himself as a God but not the most High.


Isaiah 54:13

13 And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord; and great shall be the peace of thy children.

Jeremiah 31:34

34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

The test of whether the Messiah’s teaching is within you is your willingness to keep the commandments (John 12:26). If you’re still questioning commencement keeping you’re not being taught by the Most High.


16. Messiah Took On All Israel’s Sins Against Yah


We are told that the Messiah became sin for the most High which is what his sacrifice represents. Paul let’s us know that this was prophetic and foretold to happen.


Romans 15:2-4

2 Let each one of us [make it a practice to] please his neighbor for his good, to build him up spiritually.
3 For even Christ did not please Himself; but as it is written [in Scripture], “The reproaches of those who reproached You (the Father) fell on Me (the Son).”
4 For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope and overflow with confidence in His promises.

And again in the following scripture:


Psalm 69:9

9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.

Above again we see that the Messiah took on the sins of Israel when he was crucified for the Father.


17. Scripture Fulfilled In Your Hearing


We see a powerful moment in the scriptures where the Messiah himself tells us that he is fulfilling scripture as he reads it. He is amongst the Pharisees on a sabbath, which he observed on the seventh day (saturday).


Luke 4:17-21

17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,
18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

Here we see what the actual good news is. Preaching to the poor, healing of the broken hearted and more, all seen in verse 18.


The book that he reads from is Isaiah and you can see the passages below:


Isaiah 61:1

61 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

18. An Eye For An Eye


This is not really a prophecy about the Messiah, but the Messiah is teaching from the old testament and clearing up an old law of an eye for an eye, which was a law where punishments were exacted in a like for like manner..


Matthew 5:38-39

38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:
39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

The Messiah taught that Israel was no longer to punish like for like. You can see an example of this old law below:


Leviticus 24:19-21

19 And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him;
20 Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in a man, so shall it be done to him again.
21 And he that killeth a beast, he shall restore it: and he that killeth a man, he shall be put to death.

As you can see originally the Israelite laws said if you were hurt in some way, you were allowed to do the exact same to whoever hurt you or caused you loss. But the Messiah changed this, teaching that it is not always right to hit back in a like for like fashion.

This teaches that violence is not always the best answer to a dispute.


19. Moses Raised Up The Serpent


We are told that the Messiah would be raised up just like Moses raised up the serpent in the wilderness.


John 3:14-21

14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:
15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

This story of Moses raising up a serpent in the wilderness came about when the Israel were bitten by snakes that the most High sent upon them because of their disobedience.


Numbers 21:9

9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

The Most High then told Moses to make a serpent statue and put it on a stick. He then told Moses to tell the children of Israel that were bitten by the venomous snakes he sent to look at the snake and they would be healed.


The Messiah is likened to the snake on the stick, because he also brings healing to Israel when they look to him, and similarly he was put on a stick when he was crucified.


Conclusion


Hopefully you can see that the Messiah is the lynch pin that ties everything together, from the Law and to the Prophets the Messiah is spoken about.


This is what the Messiah says...


John 5:39

39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

Shalom and share this with someone that needs this. Visit the home page for more bible teaching topics.



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